Read about Biodiversity
Hotspots and find the hotspot nearest to you.
1.In your own words, define a biodiversity hotspot.
2. How many biodiversity hotspots have been identified?
3. Which hotspot is geographically nearest to you?
4. How many endemic insects are in this hotspot?
Use the Species Database to see the threatened species. PubMed
and Highwire are indexes
to articles published in medical and scientific journals.
5. Check out PubMed and Highwire by looking for an article on
one of the endemic mammals or amphibians in this hotspot. Give
the article's citation in the proper
format. Note that PubMed and Highwire are not the citation.
Go to The Tree of
Life (TOL). Click on phylogeny in the text below the
6. Paraphrase into your own words, what is meant by "the
phylogeny of organisms"?
7. Click on the root of the tree. What domain are animals in?
8. Follow that domain. Which of the following is most closely
related to fungi? Animals, plants, bacteria
Tipulids are common around your home and college.They eat nectar
or do not eat at all. Type tipulidae in the TOL search box then
follow the link
9. How many wings does it have?
10. This places it in the order: ___________. The hind wings of
this order are modified into little gyroscopes. Describe them.
11. Tipulid larvae can be found in streams and lawns. Follow the
links on the right of the TOL tipulid page to view the larva.
Describe the larva.
Go to California State.
Look up ecological niche in your textbook before continuing.
What is the ecological niche of the California State:
14. Marine mammal
15. Freshwater fish
The San Francisco Bay Estuary is the nation's second largest
and perhaps the most biologically significant estuary on the Pacific
Coast. Go to the U.S.
Fish and Widlife Service and follow the link to the Flyways
California is a helpful reference.
16. How many shorebirds pass through San Francisco Bay each day
during winter migration? ______________
How is it possible for such a large number of similar bird species
such as avocets, curlews,and stilts to exist in an apparently
homogeneous habitat? They all eat aquatic snails, insects, worms,
and some small fry of fishes.
17. Mark the Pacific Flyway route of the Black-necked Stilt,
Long-billed Curlew and American Avocet on
18. These birds are found in San Francisco Bay..
Type Birds into the Tree of Life
search box and follow the links to identify their family.
a. To what family do they belong?
b. What do they eat?